Introduction to Diabetes

 

introduction on diabetes

Introduction to Diabetes. Our bodies function best at a certain level of sugar in the bloodstream. If the amount of sugar in our blood runs too high or too low, then we typically feel bad. Diabetes is the name of the condition where the blood sugar level consistently runs too high. Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder. An introduction to what diabetes is, the different types, and diabetes management. Jul 07,  · Chapter 1Introduction to Diabetes. Created: July 7, Diabetes mellitus is characterized by abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. When the amount of glucose in the blood increases, e.g., after a meal, it triggers the release of the hormone insulin from the pistnoatradmigu.ga by:


Diabetes: A brief introduction


Diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by chronic elevation of glucose in the blood.

It arises because the body is unable to produce enough insulin for its own needs, either because of impaired insulin secretion, impaired insulin action, introduction on diabetes, or both. Diabetes affects some million people world-wide, and is on the increase.

Chronic exposure to high blood glucose is a leading cause of renal failure, introduction on diabetes, visual loss and a range of other types of tissue damage. Diabetes also predisposes to arterial disease, not least because it is often accompanied by hypertension, lipid disorders and obesity.

Many cases of diabetes and almost all of its unwanted long-term introduction on diabetes are potentially avoidable, but this will require intervention at a societal as well as at a medical level. This section of Diapedia offers an introduction to the history of diabetes, introduction on diabetes, its clinical presentation, its current classification and its global epidemiology, introduction on diabetes.

We also introduce some of the psychological and societal aspects of diabetes, introduction on diabetes, including the 'hot topics' that dominate the media, and offer an overview of current areas of introduction on diabetes interest. All these topics are considered in greater detail elsewhere in Diapedia, and we hope you will explore them further. History of diabetes Diabetes was considered a disease of the wealthy in ancient India, introduction on diabetes was known as Madhumeha sweet urine disease ; it was observed that ants were attracted to the urine.

The ancient Greeks coined the term "diabetes", meaning excessive urination with dehydration, but neither they nor the Romans appreciated that the urine contained sugar; "diabetes" was considered a kidney disease until the 18th century. The sweet taste was known to be due to glucose by the start of the 19th century, and raised glucose in the blood was recognised soon afterwards.

The modern era was heralded by the discovery of Oskar Minkowski that removal of the pancreas resulted in diabetes, followed by the discovery of insulin in The herbalists of the Middle Ages already knew introduction on diabetes beneficial effects of the herb Galega officinaliswhich ultimately led to the discovery of metformin.

These examples show that many people have made the same observations and considered the same hypotheses at widely differing times, and that valuable findings are sometimes obscured by the fogs of time. The 'Piskijker' by Jan Steen, showing the role of urine in diagnosing diseases such as diabetes The three classic symptoms of diabetes are thirst, polyuria excessive urination and weight loss.

As glucose is lost in the urine it draws fluid and introduction on diabetes small molecules with it, causing introduction on diabetes urination, introduction on diabetes, which in turn causes dehydration and thirst. Weight is lost because of rapid breakdown of fat and protein reserves to compensate for the loss of glucose and metabolic inefficiency due to lack of insulin action. These symptoms may be less prominent in older people with type 2 diabetes, who may present with symptoms less directly related to diabetes, or with complications of diabetes ranging from infections to heart disease, or simply as the result of a screening blood test.

In this section we describe the elements in the patient's history and physical examination that need attention, and how certain abnormalities are best assessed.

When thinking about a disease, it helps to have a clear picture of what it is, and what it isn't. And for a disease that affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide, one would expect the definition and classification of diabetes to be fairly straightforward. This, introduction on diabetes, however, is not the case. The definition of diabetes is updated every decade or so, and for the classification we should still heed the words of Elliot Joslin in 'No method for the classification of diabetics to my mind is satisfactory.

No sooner are the boundary lines drawn than one case after another like sheep breaks through the fence. There are in fact many possible causes of diabetes, and many factors both genetic and environmental introduction on diabetes influence development of its two main forms, known as type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

This section will provide a brief overview of the ways in which diabetes has been defined and classified. Diabetes world-wide Diabetes is a global disease. Rising on the waves of increasing obesity and increasing age in developing countries, type 2 diabetes mellitus is currently estimated to affect million people, rising to million in 20 years; 6.

In turn, the rise in diabetes is expected to influence cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, introduction on diabetes.

Epidemiology is a tool that can be used to detect these changes and to form hypotheses about which factors may be causative or may need to be addressed to prevent or lessen the impact of diabetes.

Therefore, the data in this section form an important background when thinking about research and health policy. Not surprisingly, the diagnosis of diabetes has a profound effect upon many people, introduction on diabetes. For younger people it may represent the first experience of disease, and the realization that the condition is life-long and incurable always comes as a shock.

Grief, anger, denial are common reactions, and people may torment themselves by seeking for unlikely explanations or miracle cures. No-one likes diabetes, introduction on diabetes, but a healthy and realistic adjustment is the first step towards taking control of the disorder and getting on with the important things in life. The societal strains and the intrinsic chronic burden of the disease make diabetes a disease with serious psychological side effects, introduction on diabetes.

There is a strong association between diabetes, reduced quality of life and depression. Supporting patients throughout the course of their disease and empowering them to take control of their lives is a major challenge to care-givers. A chronic disease such as diabetes can sometimes impact upon social life, even in simple matters such as driving, insurance and choice of occupation.

These restrictions are sometimes difficult to avoid, but many sporting stars and other role models have shown that diabetes is no barrier to achievement at the highest level.

Just as society can affect those with diabetes, so does diabetes affect societies. Type 2 diabetes in particular is a disorder profoundly influenced by the lifestyle enjoyed by many members of modern societies, introduction on diabetes, so much so that it has reached epidemic proportions.

This, and the fact that it is so closely linked to the way we live, have been acknowledged by the United Nations' resolution on World Diabetes Day 14 November inand the adoption of the Blue Circle as the international symbol for the fight against diabetes.

It is a testimony to the fact that eventually policy-makers in urbanised areas will have to create an environment that prevents diabetes by promoting healthy food choices and exercise, as the only solution to the diabetes epidemic. Despite all knowledge already gained about diabetes, we are still a introduction on diabetes way off from preventing, properly treating or fully understanding diabetes.

Many researchers across the globe try to elucidate the various aspects of the disease. Since much of the content of Diapedia is based on their findings, this section provides an overview of the scientific methods used in diabetes research. Promising research results, eagerly awaited techniques or unexpected side effects of drugs: whenever there is a new development, there will also be controversy and discussion. Our Hot Introduction on diabetes section, where we try to give you a balanced view of the news, puts these in introduction on diabetes. Please use the following format when referencing this article: Holleman, Frits.

Introduction to introduction on diabetes mellitus [internet]. Last modified on 24 August at AM. Diabetologia publishes original clinical and experimental research within the field of diabetes. Diapedia is created by Driebit, Amsterdam. Home News About Get involved Log in.

Diabetes, a worldwide problem Ethnic aspects of epidemiology Age-related aspects of Epidem Social context Diabetes, a global perspective Challenges of DM in the devel Economic and Societal costs o Introduction to diabetes mellitus Creator: Frits Holleman. Clinical presentation The 'Piskijker' by Jan Steen, introduction on diabetes, showing the role of urine in diagnosing diseases such as diabetes The three classic symptoms of diabetes are thirst, polyuria excessive urination and weight loss.

Definition and classification When thinking about a disease, it helps to have a clear picture of what it is, and what it isn't. Epidemiology Diabetes world-wide Diabetes is a global introduction on diabetes. Psychological aspects Not surprisingly, the diagnosis of diabetes has a profound effect upon many people. Social context A chronic disease such as diabetes can sometimes impact upon social life, even in simple matters such as driving, insurance and choice of occupation, introduction on diabetes.

Investigating diabetes mellitus Despite all knowledge already gained about diabetes, we are still a long way off from preventing, properly treating or fully understanding diabetes. Hot topics Promising research results, eagerly awaited techniques or unexpected side effects of drugs: whenever there is a new development, there will also be controversy and discussion.

Malik Rehman added a compliment on 9 January at PM. Like our work? Consider making a donation to support us! Frits Holleman. Holleman, introduction on diabetes, Frits.

 

Introduction to diabetes mellitus - Diapedia, The Living Textbook of Diabetes

 

introduction on diabetes

 

Introduction to diabetes mellitus History of diabetes. Diabetes was considered a disease of the wealthy in ancient India, Clinical presentation. The 'Piskijker' by Jan Steen, showing the role of urine in diagnosing Definition and classification. When thinking about a disease, it helps to. Introduction Diabetes (Diabetes mellitus) is a group of diseases that negatively affect the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin. This results in elevated levels of glucose in the blood because the body cannot metabolize carbohydrates correctly. An introduction to what diabetes is, the different types, and diabetes management.